The use of radiocarbon dating of organic matter in the study of soil genesis
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Radiocarbon dating was used to study the nature and the stability of the organic matter in a range of Chernozemic soils (Borolls) from Saskatchewan. Two catenas, one cultivated, the other not, were studied in detail; the bottom soils of the uncultivated catena contained buried horizons. From the crest of the knoll to the depression, the mean residence time of the surface horizon of the cultivated catena decreased from 545 years before present (B.P.) to modern, the organic matter content increased and the percentage of hydrolyzable carbon decreased. The content of organic matter decreased but the ...