Evaluation of mesoscale simulations of dust sources, sinks and transport over the Middle East
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Desert dust is ubiquitous in the Earth's atmosphere, with measurable concentrations found everywhere from the Middle East to Antarctica. It has the ability to alter the global radiation balance and affects the African Easterly Jet, along with hypothesized roles in hurricane formation and past climate change. In addition to these large-scale effects, dust can have a deleterious effect on regional hydrology, air quality and visibility. Recent military activity in the Middle East has led to increased interest in looking beyond global models that are chiefly concerned with long distance transport, ...