Two-dimensional near-field and far-field imaging of a Ne-like Ar capillary discharge table-top soft-x-ray laser
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We have performed systematic measurements and numerical modeling of the divergence and exit beam size of a 46.9 nm Ne-like Ar capillary discharge pumped soft-x-ray amplifier. Two-dimensional near-field and far-field measurements were obtained over a wide range of discharge parameters. The spot size and divergence of the laser beam were observed to increase significantly with decreasing discharge pressure. Simultaneously, the beam intensity distribution changed from a single peak pattern to an annular profile. These effects are shown to be the result of increased refraction of the soft-x-ray beam, ...