Upregulation of heme oxygenase-1 and activation of Nrf2 by the phytochemicals in protandim
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Increased production of reactive oxygen species has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease (CVD), with enhanced endogenous antioxidants proposed as a potential mechanism for promoting redox balance. Protandim is a well-defined combination of five widely studied medicinal plants derived from botanical sources [Bacopa monniera, Silybum marianum (milk thistle), Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha), Camellia sinensis (green tea), and Curcuma longa (turmeric)]. The purpose of this study was to determine if treatment of cardiomyocytes with Protandim induces phase II detoxification ...