Assessing bird-mediated ecosystem services and disservices in Colorado apple orchards
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Agriculture provides food, fuel and fiber to our growing human population and as the largest terrestrial biomes, crop and pastureland are major drivers of land use change. Small organic farms have the potential to provide habitat for biodiversity while also contributing to food security. My research examined the characteristics of organic apple orchards associated with habitat use of human-adapted and human-sensitive birds as well as how birds influence fruit production positively through insect pest control and negatively through fruit damage. I used a stratified study design to survey birds, ...