Interfacial phenomena of cyclopentane hydrate
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Clathrate hydrate is an ice-like crystalline compound, where water molecules encage lighter hydrocarbon species. The formation of hydrate crystals can introduce operational and safety hazards in conventional energy transportation. Much work to date has focused on understanding the requisite thermodynamic conditions for hydrate formation, potential kinetic pathways to explain hydrate growth, and the various macroscopic phenomena associated with hydrate plug formation in a pipeline. Most of the experimental measurements presented herein use a micromechanical force (MMF) technique developed at the ...