Laboratory study of cryogenic fracturing of concrete samples
MetadataShow full item record
While hydraulic fracturing has revolutionized hydrocarbon production from unconventional resources, waterless, or reduced-water technologies, are actively being sought due to concerns arising from its heavy dependence on water and clay swelling in water sensitive formations. Although today it is possible to fracture with liquefied petroleum gas or CO2, there has been very limited research on fracturing using cold liquefied gas. Some simple immersion tests to determine the effectiveness of liquid nitrogen as a fracturing fluid have been conducted with promising results (Grundmann 1998); however, ...