Modeling low back biomechanics in people with a transtibial amputation
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Low back pain is a debilitating and costly condition that affects the majority of people in their lifetime. Some populations, like people with a transtibial amputation, have a higher risk for developing low back pain, which may be explained by altered biomechanical loading. People with a transtibial amputation have altered movement strategies during walking that lead to changes in low back loading, but little is known about their low back biomechanics during the sit-to-stand motion. A musculoskeletal model with detail of the lumbar spine was developed and validated during trunk range ...