Desalination of produced water with electrodialysis : ion exchange membrane fouling, system performance, and fate of organic constituents
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Treatment of oil and gas (O&G) wastewater is a growing practice that increases water resources available for beneficial reuse. Electrodialysis (ED) is an established desalination process with the potential to remove ions from saline produced water (PW), a byproduct of O&G production. However, the current ED literature lacks studies that investigate the fate of organic contaminants during ED treatment using real PW. This work examines ion exchange membrane (IEM) fouling, system performance, and the transport of organic constituents through IEMs during ED treatment of real PW. A bench-scale ED ...