Friction welding for cladding applications : processing, microstructure and mechanical properties of inertia friction welds of stainless steel to low carbon steel and evaluation of wrought and welded austenitic stainless steels for cladding applications in acid-chloride service
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Friction welding, a solid-state joining method, is presented as a novel alternative process step for lining mild steel pipe and forged components internally with a corrosion resistant (CR) metal alloy for petrochemical applications. Currently, fusion welding is commonly used for stainless steel overlay cladding, but this method is costly, time-consuming, and can lead to disbonding in service due to a hard martensite layer that forms at the interface due to partial mixing at the interface between the stainless steel CR metal and the mild steel base. Firstly, the process parameter space was ...