The Contribution of Running Behavior to Brain Growth and Cognition in Primates
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Endurance running has been shown to lead to neurogenesis, neuroprotection, and improved cognitive capacities. Although most studies have used subjects from a single species, it is possible that running behavior could have affected the brain on an evolutionary time scale. Data from 46 primate species was collected from the literature on average speed of travel, group size, body size, dietary quality, and endocranial volume. A multiple regression analysis was performed to evaluate the association between average speed of locomotion and endocranial volume. It was shown that the average speed at ...