Design, optimziation and fabrication of an integrated optoelectronic sensing chip with applications in groundwater contaminant detection and biosensing
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The LEAC (Local Evanescent Array Coupled) chip is a CMOS-compatible, waveguide-based, label-free, optoelectronic sensor, which can function as a biosensor or environmental sensor. Unique among optoelectronic sensors, the ~1 cm² LEAC chip features an integrated photodetector array, which increases device portability, enables multi-analyte detection on a single waveguide, and simplifies system instrumentation. At its core, the LEAC chip is simply a precision refractometer, which can sense very small changes in refractive index (~5x10⁻⁶) in its multiple upper cladding sensing regions. The chip can ...