Precipitation and removal of ionic compounds from produced water : observed versus modeling results
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Produced water is generated during the hydraulic fracturing and drilling process, and is regarded as the largest byproduct associated with oil and gas industrial development. Samples of produced water from wells near Greeley, Colorado, were collected from February - July 2013. Commercial produced water treatment at the laboratory scale was conducted and the results compared to computer-based software modeling predictions. Different parameters, such as pH and temperature, are adjusted in order to test how these parameters could affect the treatment for produced water softening. The study shows ...