Estimation of structured covariance matrices and multiple window spectrum analysis
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An intimate relationship between low rank modeling and multiple window spectrum estimation is demonstrated by using maximum likelihood estimates of structured covariance matrices. The power in a narrow spectral band is estimated by estimating the variances in a low rank signal plus noise covariance model. This model is swept through the entire frequency band to obtain an estimate of power as a function of frequency. The resulting spectrum estimates are given by weighted combinations of eigenspectra. Each eigenspectrum results from projecting the data onto an orthogonal component of the signal ...