Time-varying ice crystal orientation in thunderstorms observed with multiparameter radar
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Repeated changes associated with lightning have been observed with multiparameter radar in the echoes from the tops of Florida thunderstorms. These lightning-related radar signatures are interpreted as changes in the orientation of ice crystals being preferentially aligned parallel to the in-cloud electric field. The changes occur at intervals on the order of 10 s and are easily observed in the signatures of the differential propagation phase shift and the linear depolarization ratio which are sensitive to propagation effects caused by the oriented ice crystals. Orientation of ice crystals aloft ...