Capillary discharge-driven metal vapor plasma waveguides
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We report the generation of dense plasma waveguides containing a large concentration of silver ions by means of a fast (~55 ns first half-cycle) microcapillary discharge. Concave plasma density profiles with axial electron density >1×1019 cm−3 were measured from discharge ablation of 330 or 440 μm diameter Ag2S capillaries with 3–5 kA peak amplitude current pulses. The dynamic of this plasma waveguide was studied with interferometry, absorption measurements, and hydrodynamic model simulations. The results are relevant to the development of efficient longitudinally pumped metal vapor soft x-ray ...