Single photon ionization of van der Waals clusters with a soft x-ray laser : (SO2)n and (SO2)n(H2O)m
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van der Waals cluster (SO2)n is investigated by using single photon ionization of a 26.5 eV soft x-ray laser. During the ionization process, neutral clusters suffer a small fragmentation because almost all energy is taken away by the photoelectron and a small part of the photon energy is deposited into the (SO2)n cluster. The distribution of (SO2)n clusters decreases roughly exponentially with increasing cluster size. The photoionization dissociation fraction of I[(SO2)n−1SO+]/I[(SO2)n+] decreases with increasing cluster size due to the formation of cluster. The metastable dissociation rate ...