In-situ laser tagging of barium ions in liquid xenon for the EXO experiment
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The goal of the Enriched Xenon Observatory (EXO) collaboration is to measure the half-life of neutrino-less double beta decay using a ton size liquid 136Xe detector with zero back-ground. Zero background detection can only be achieved if the daughter nucleus, 136Ba, can be tagged. The EXO collaboration is investigating several techniques to tag the 136Ba daughter. The goal of this thesis is to investigate the prospects of directly observing a single 136Ba+ ion in the liquid using a laser aimed at the decay site, hence in-situ laser tagging. Because the energy levels of Ba+ ions are expected ...