Forecasting of Atlantic tropical cyclones using a kilo-member ensemble
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The past 30 years have witnessed steady improvements in the skill of tropical cyclone track forecasts. These increases have been largely driven by improved numerical weather prediction models and increased surveillance of the storm environment through aircraft reconnaissance and satellite remote sensing. The skill of deterministic track forecasts from full-physics models is gradually approaching the theoretical limit of predictability that arises due to the atmosphere's chaotic nature and limitations in determining the initial state. To make further progress, it is necessary to treat the uncertainty ...