Effects of organic, biological and conventional production methods on apple antioxidant levels, sensory qualities and human glycemic response
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Different cultivation systems of fruit trees may influence fruit nutrient and phytochemical content, and consequently, human responses. This experiment compared two cultivars of apples (Malus domestica Mill.) each under differing cultivation systems. These were evaluated for antioxidant activity, human glycemic response, soluble solids content, shelf life and consumer acceptability by human sensory panels. In addition, soil and leaf tissue tests were performed and correlated to the above results. 'Braeburn' (M. domestica) apples grown in Washington state under biologically-enhanced organic and ...