Valid and reliability of a test of environmental supportiveness
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Through playful interactions with people and objects an individual gains valuable knowledge about the world around them. These interactions are also crucial to nurturing play. Research shows the most prominent features of the environment that affect a child's play are--caregivers, playmates (of all ages), objects, and the physical surroundings. The development of a valid way to measure these important features is a crucial step in achieving the knowledge needed to promote play and playfulness. The Test of Environmental Supportiveness (TOES) was designed to provide a comprehensive picture of the ...