Lessons in managing wild ungulates in urbanized environments
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Wild ungulates in the Netherlands were for many decades almost extinct and some species even temporarily absent. In some remote areas small populations of roe deer and wild boar did survive but numbers remained low. After World War II, due to a rapid urbanisation and the construction of a dense infrastructure, survival chances for ungulates only decreased. The realization of an ecological network and stricter protection laws led since 1990 to a sharp reversal for the wild ungulates. The numbers of red, fallow, roe deer and wild boar started to increase sharply. And this increase continues. There ...