Primary production drives ecophysiological cascades in African buffalo
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In savannah ecosystems, annual photosynthetic cycles are conspicuous from leaf to landscape level, introducing substantial temporal variability in the quality and quantity of forage plants. As such, the life histories and health of herbivores should be tightly coupled to seasonal phenological patterns; and occurrence patterns of infectious diseases may be driven by the resulting fluctuations in animal immune status. However, few longitudinal datasets including measures of forage quality, along with physiological, immunological and disease outcomes for ungulate consumers have yet been available ...