Comparison of nitrous oxide and epidural analgesia: safety matters
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Laboring mothers have many options for pain control during their labor. In the U.S., the epidural is commonly used for pain control. Historically, many countries use a 50/50 mix of nitrous oxide and oxygen ("nitrous oxide") for analgesia as an option for laboring mothers. This review evaluates the following question: "For laboring mothers, does the use of nitrous oxide for pain management during labor provide a higher level of safety for mother and fetus compared to the use of an epidural?" This is a translational research study utilizing a literature review design. All authors have completed ...