Insights from laboratory experiments on the failure of earthen embankments at bridge-waterway abutments
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Failure of compacted, earthfill embankments during breaching combines geotechnical and hydraulic processes that interact to erode the compacted earthfill. Our paper offers insights regarding these processes as observed during a series of laboratory flume experiments conducted to investigate the effect of soil strength on scour depth at abutments formed of erodible, compacted earthen approach embankment. The length scale of the model abutments was 1:30. We highlight the challenges in conducting laboratory experiments involving erodible model abutments. The challenges, or difficulties, include ...