Modeling of wastewater volume from unconventional oil and gas fields in Wattenberg field, and evaluation of low salinity waterflood enhanced oil recovery on shale wells
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Reuse of wastewater from hydraulic fracturing (flowback and produced water) is a sustainable option for wastewater management practice in unconventional oil and gas fields. Reuse reduces fresh water demand but also lowers the environmental footprint by reducing the storage and transportation of both fresh and wastewater. A successful reuse practice requires a thorough understanding of both the quantity and quality of the wastewater, and more importantly, its potential impacts on well performance. In the first part of this study, wastewater production models were developed for horizontal shale ...