Catalytic strategies for enhancing electrochemical oxidation of 1,4-dioxane : TiO2 dark activation and microbial stimulation
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1,4-dioxane, a probable human carcinogen, is an emerging contaminant currently being reviewed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for possible health-based maximum contaminant level regulations. As both stabilizer in commonly used chlorinated solvents and as a widely used solvent in the production of many pharmaceuticals, personal care products, (PPCPs), 1,4-dioxane has been detected in surface water, groundwater and wastewater around the U.S. It is resistant to many of the traditional water treatment technologies such as sorption to activated carbon, air stripping, filtering and ...