Fate of snowmelt in complex subalpine terrain
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Snow is important to human communities and natural ecosystems around the world that rely on snowmelt runoff for as much as 80% or more of streamflow. In addition to streamflow, snowmelt can drive hydrological processes such as groundwater recharge, soil moisture dynamics, forest ecosystem dynamics, and potentially cause high damage flooding. Multiple environmental controls will cause snow to vary in depth, density, and snow crystal metamorphism causing a complex three dimensional matrix of ice, air, water vapor, and liquid water (during melt) that is non-uniform across a landscape and varies in ...