Accounting for productive time lost in dairy cattle : disease adjusted lactation
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Dairy cow mortality, morbidity, and poor welfare have been of increased concern over the past several decades. Traditionally, dairy farm management has focused on singular costs associated with pathologies without thoroughly quantifying losses tied to disease and consequent death or culling. Within human epidemiology, the economic burden of time lost due to ill-health or early death is measured through the World Health Organization's disability adjusted life years (DALY). This project utilized the DALY concept to estimate time lost during a lactation due to disease and subsequent early removal ...