Analytical methods to enhance detection of anthropogenic radionuclides in environmental matrices
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The efficacy of methods that are used to detect radionuclides is dependent on the properties of the radionuclides and the matrices being analyzed. Gamma spectroscopy is an excellent tool for detecting very low quantities of a short-lived gamma-emitting radionuclide. However, as the probability of gamma ray emission decreases and the half-life increases, greater quantities of a radionuclide are required for detection by gamma spectroscopy. Since most transuranic actinides are usually not present in such quantities or concentrations in the environment, mass spectrometry is the preferred tool. For ...