Transmission and shedding of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus from dromedary camels, alpacas, and domestic livestock
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The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a novel betacoronavirus discovered in 2012 that causes severe respiratory disease that can result in death in infected humans. Human-to-human transmission can occur, although zoonotic transmission from dromedary camels plays an important role in transmission. A large percentage of dromedaries in the Middle East and Africa have antibodies specific for MERS-CoV, indicating widespread transmission among camels. In vitro studies indicate that other livestock may be susceptible to infection and transmit virus, however, field studies have ...