Environmental fate of hydraulic fracturing fluid additives after spillage on agricultural topsoil
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Inadvertent releases of hydraulic fracturing fluid may occur at many different stages, with surface spills being the most commonly reported cause of contamination. Hydraulic fracturing (HF) frequently occurs on agricultural land, where surface spills have the potential to impact soil, groundwater and surface water quality. However, the extent of sorption, transformation, and interactions among the numerous organic HF fluid and oil & gas wastewater constituents upon environmental release is hardly known. Thus, this study aims to advance our current understanding of processes that control the ...