Guatemalan and Nicaraguan children and the test of playfulness
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As play is influenced by culture, culture is influenced by play. Hence, it is important for professionals who work with children from different cultural backgrounds to evaluate play in their young clients. Objective evaluation demands reliable and valid instruments. The purpose of this study was to (a) determine whether the Test of Playfulness (ToP) demonstrates preliminary interrater reliability for Spanish speaking children in Guatemala and Nicaragua; and (b) examine if the ToP demonstrates preliminary construct validity? Specifically, will data from all raters conform to the expectations of ...