Characterizing the target of ivermectin, the glutamate-gated chloride channel, and other insecticide targets as candidate antigens for an anti-mosquito vaccine
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The latest WHO World Malaria Report estimates that, in 2013, there were 198 million cases worldwide causing 584,000 malaria-related deaths. Current malaria control programs primarily target malaria vectors through the use of long lasting insecticide treated bed nets and indoor residual spraying of pyrethroid-based insecticides. However, pyrethroid resistance is becoming widespread in many An. gambiae populations across Africa (Ranson et al., 2011; Trape et al., 2011). Out of recent efforts to find new vector-targeting interventions with novel modes of action, the endectocide ivermectin (IVM) ...