Study of second-order turbulence closure technique and its application to atmospheric flows
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The applicability of the second-order turbulence closure technique to atmospheric mesoscale flows is investigated. Analytical and numerical studies of various closure schemes are performed. Theoretical investigations of the well-known Mellor and Yamada approach result in new realizability conditions for the Level 2.5 and Level 3.0 schemes. The bulk parameters (eddy exchange coefficients) are calculated from the full second order closure model. The comparison of these parameters with the experimental data reveals that the simple Richardson number-based scaling is not adequate. The Level 2.5 and ...