Future Orientation and Self-Perception Minimize Risk Engagement and Promote Positive Youth Development
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Adolescence is a developmental period marked by physical, cognitive, and social changes that influence both negative behaviors and positive youth development (PYD). Theorists and empirical work have noted that these marked changes propel youth to explore and construct a personal identity. This exploration and commitment of an identity helps to build youths’ self-perceptions as well as refine and orient one’s future. However, for some youth, the adolescent period is considered a time of heightened engagement in health-compromising behaviors. Both risk reduction and strength-based literature ...