Thresholds for runoff generation in ephemeral streams with varying morphology in the Sonoran Desert in Arizona, USA
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In ephemeral streams, infrequent surface flow can be the main source of water that sustains plants throughout long dry periods. The objectives of this research are to: (1) explore seasonality of rainfall runoff in different channel types and (2) examine how runoff thresholds vary by channel type. The study area was two watersheds with areas of 188 km² and 323 km² on the Yuma Proving Grounds (YPG) in the Sonoran Desert near Yuma, Arizona. Eight tipping bucket rain gauges were installed to measure precipitation. Runoff was measured with 18 pressure transducers in five different channel types with ...