Atoll Island Freshwater Resources : Modeling, Analysis, and Optimization
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Atolls consist of ring-shaped structures of small islets of varying sizes that encircle a shallow central lagoon. Freshwater supply on atoll islands is very fragile, consisting exclusively of rainwater harvested from rainwater catchment systems and groundwater extracted from the freshwater lens. Optimal water management necessitates accurate estimation of the current and future quantity of available freshwater; of principle concern is the quantity of water to be expected in the coming decades under the influence of changing rainfall patterns. In this thesis, current and future quantities of daily ...